THUNK – 134. The Problem of Universals

-Links for the Curious-


The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is invaluable for getting a broad understanding of this topic quickly. Some key pages I found helpful:

Metaphysics Overview –
Platonism in Metaphysics –

Abstract Objects –

Nominalism in Metaphysics –

Tropes –


The n-tuple representation of tropes was from “Tropes: Properties, Objects, & Mental Causation” by Douglas Ehring –


Is This a Sandwich? Teaching the Platonic Dialogues through sandwiches (M Ritchey, 2014) –

A Bro And A Philosopher Debate The True Meaning Of A Sandwich (Scherer, 2015) –


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