THUNK – 63. Metaethics: Moral Realism & Antirealism

Metaethics investigates where morals supposedly come from & how they might (or might not!) be real. Fascinating!

-Links for the Curious-

Plato’s Euthyphro Dilemma, one of the oldest investigations into metaethics we know of –

A great summary of J.L. Mackie’s position on Moral Error Theory –

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s summary of Hume’s moral philosophy (when in doubt, read some Hume) –

Kant’s “Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals,” a fantastic starting point for a priori logical justifications for moral principles –

Sam Harris’s TED talk on using science to ground moral realism (note: many philosophers don’t find Harris’s points particularly compelling, but he does strike off in an interesting direction worth considering) –

A.J. Ayer’s “Critique of Ethics & Theology,” a cogent statement of emotivism (a form of noncognitivism, see ch. 6) –

Cuneo’s “The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism,” one of the more recent texts which has prompted a resurgence in moral realism among philosophers –

PhilosphyTube’s fantastic video regarding the issues of noncognitivism, namely The Embedding Problem (The Frege-Geach Problem) –

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